Balai Arkeologi D.I Yogyakarta

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Identifikasi Arca Tokoh Berkepala Singa Di Museum Penataran

Kunjungan lapangan yang diselenggarakan oleh panitia kegiatan Premodern Java Summer Programme tahun 2016 menargetkan beberapa museum di daerah Jawa Timur, khususnya di Mojokerto-Penataran. Kunjungan tersebut dimaksudkan untuk memberikan pemahaman mengenai perkembangan seni budaya masa akhir Hindu-Buddha di Kerajaan Majapahit. Artikel ini mengangkat salah satu objek yang menjadi bahan pengamatan pada kegiatan tersebut. Salah satu objek diskusi adalah arca berkepala singa di Museum Penataran. Beberapa peserta menduga arca tersebut adalah perwujudan dari Dewa Wisnu dalam bentuk Narasimha karena wajah arca yang berupa kepala singa. Melalui beberapa kajian, seperti deskripsi arca, kajian pustaka ikonografi, dan analisis ikonografis khusus, diperoleh hasil bahwa tokoh berkepala singa tersebut merupakan perwujudan dari Dewa Ganesha yang bernama Simha-Ganapati. Pemujaan terhadapnya bertujuan untuk menghadirkan kekuatan dan keberanian serta memberikan kepercayaan diri dalam menghadapi permasalahan dengan cara menghancurkan semua bentuk pikiran negatif.

The field study that was organized by the committee of Premodern Java Summer Programme in 2016 targeted several museums in East Java, especially in Mojokerto-Penataran area. That field study was intended to provide an understanding about the development of cultural arts during the end of Hindu-Buddhist period of Majapahit Kingdom. This paper is discussing about one of the objects that was being observed during that Summer Programme. The object of discussion is the lion-headed figure, stored in Museum Penataran. During the Summer Programme, some participants have predicted that the statue is Lord Vishnu in his Narasimha form. That prediction was mainly based on the statue’s head which resemble a lion’s head. Through several studies, such as the description of the statue, the literature study of iconography, and analysis about the special iconographic character, this paper concluded that this figure is a manifestation of Ganesha, named Simha-Ganapati. The worship of Simha-Ganapati has a purpose not only to bring strength and courage, but also to provide confidence in facing problems by destroying all forms of negative thoughts.
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Updated: October 25, 2019 — 2:51 am

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